Lunges (stationary) and walking lunges are two common unilateral movement to increase movement patterning, body conditioning, and more. Below we break down both movements and determine which one is best based on your goals.
The walking lunge is a type of lunging movement that entails a lifter taking steps in a cyclical motion, which is a progression upon a forward step lunge. The demands of balance, coordination, and body control can impact some athletes and lifters, in which coaches should use the notes below to best suit the needs of athletes and fitness goers of all levels.
The lunge can be classified as an movement where a lifter drops into a single kneeling position, assumes stability at the bottom, and comes back to standing. This umbrella term includes a wide array of directions lunges (backwards, forwards, lateral, crossover, etc) as well as both stationary and walking types. For the sake of this article we will refer to “lunges” as all stationary movements. Below is a good video demonstration on how to properly lunge.
Walking Lunge and Lunge
The below sections detail four differences between walking lunges and the lunge (stationary), all of which offer coaches and athletes valuable information regarding how to program, progress, and adapt training programs for specific athletes and groups. Note, that there are a wide array of lunging variations (both stationary and walking), however this is a general overview of the differences between both categories of lunges.
While both lunges can have a significant role in the ability to apply gym movements into real-life and/or sporting actions, the walking lunge does help bridge the gap faster (generally). By increasing a lifter’s basic understanding of how to move fluidly, without having to think about every little joint action and step can enhance movement patterning, integrity, and movement as a whole during non-controlled situations (sports, real-life, etc). While lunges can help to increase unilateral strength, muscle, and fitness, walking lunges can also be used to increase many of the same, and then some.
Degree of Difficulty
The walking and stationary lunge is a challenging unilateral movement that targets the lower body, balance, coordination, and movement integrity. Generally speaking, lunges that area stationary require less balance, coordination, and awareness than walking variations. With that in mind, having lifters perform stationary lunges in earlier stages of training development prior to dynamic walking lunges would be a feasible progression.
Additionally, due to the less complex nature of the walking lunge, some lifters may find it easier to load heavier weights in a more fixed/stationary position so that balance and coordination are not as large of limiting factors.
Range or Motion
All lunges can have a very large potential for increased range of motion at the hip, knee, ankle, and other segments of the body. Generally speaking, a walking lunge will allow for a lifter to dictate foot placement by feel, often opting for a position that is comfortable and fluid, which can work to increase their ability to perform lunges. In the event they have issues with balance, coordination, of leg strength, coaches must adapt a program to help them build better movement (walking) or strength and neuromuscular efficiency (stationary).
Balance, Stability, and Proprioception
As discussed above, the walking lunge does increase the need for balance, stability, and body control, due to the non-uniform and unstable (more unstable) nature of the walking movement vs the stationary. While lunging (stationary) wcan increase unilateral balance, coordination, and proprioception, adding walking lunges into the mix will surely help translate those skills to other lifestyle and training movements.
Here are some of the most popular Lunging workout articles!
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