Why Are People Annoyed That Chick Fil-A Uses MSG?

When it was publicized that Chick-Fil-A uses MSG, people got upset.

The popular fried chicken chain Chick-Fil-A is in hot water this week after somebody read the ingredients list and learned that the tasty breading contains, horror of horrors, monosodium glutamate. (That’s MSG.)

Popular wisdom has claimed for years that the secret to Chick-Fil-A’s recipe is brining the chicken in pickle juice, or perhaps frying it in peanut oil, and now people are horrified that they’ve been eating MSG all these years.

Dozens of articles have been published on the revelation (Delish’s headline “Um, Chick-Fil-A Uses MSG In Its Food And It Might Be Why You’re So Obsessed” has been syndicated on Yahoo! and multiple other outlets) and Chick-Fil-A is reportedly “researching the removal of MSG.” Because after all, isn’t MSG bad for you?

chick-fil-a
Shutterstock

Isn’t MSG Bad for You?

No! Unless you’re allergic to it, there’s no good evidence that it’s something you should avoid.

For starters, it’s not just found in products of the Chick-Fil-A corporation. It’s in KFC, Doritos, most salty flavored snacks, and glutamate occurs naturally in a lot of foods, like mushrooms. Monosodium glutamate is the combination of a sodium ion and a glutamate ion.

It was discovered by a Japanese biochemist in the early twentieth century who extracted it from wheat and defatted soybean. People started getting concerned about it in 1968 when Chinese-American physician Robert Ho Man Kwok had a letter published in the New England Journal of Medicine complaining that Chinese food gave him feelings of numbness and tingling. He called it Chinese Restaurant Syndrome and his letter prompted dozens of others to write in with similar complaints.

Studies ensued that linked MSG to some kind of reaction — nausea, headaches, general feelings of discomfort — but they weren’t randomized controlled trials, it was found that results weren’t reproducible, and many involved consuming several grams of pure MSG, which has a different effect to consuming it in a meal. When you eat it with food, very little glutamate winds up in the bloodstream, and it’s glutamate in the blood that has more links with “Chinese Restaurant Syndrome.”

Later on, short- and long-term studies found that when taken with food, MSG didn’t reliably cause headaches nor did they increase the amount of calories eaten.(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)

chinese food
Elena Eryomenko/Shutterstock

The Takeaway

MSG is a source of sodium. Too much sodium can produce headaches and malaise, but so can too little. Balance your sodium intake with your requirements and it’s unlikely that MSG will produce effects. But if you have an allergy to it or if you consistently feel crummy after consuming it, then of course it’s worth avoiding it.

But demonizing food purely because it contains MSG, especially if it’s a food you enjoy eating and don’t experience side effects from, doesn’t make a lot of sense.

Editor’s note: The content on BarBend is meant to be informative in nature, but it shouldn’t take the place of advice and/or supervision from a medical professional. The opinions and articles on this site are not intended for use as diagnosis, prevention, and/or treatment of health problems. Speak with your physician if you have any concerns or before beginning any new dietary regimen.

Editor’s note: This article is an op-ed. The views expressed herein and in the video are the author’s and don’t necessarily reflect the views of BarBend. Claims, assertions, opinions, and quotes have been sourced exclusively by the author.

Featured image via Elena Eryomenko/Shutterstock

References

1. Prawirohardjono W, et al. The administration to Indonesians of monosodium L-glutamate in Indonesian foods: an assessment of adverse reactions in a randomized double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled study. J Nutr. 2000 Apr;130(4S Suppl):1074S-6S.
2. Tarasoff L, et al. Monosodium L-glutamate: a double-blind study and review. Food Chem Toxicol. 1993 Dec;31(12):1019-35.
3. Tanphaichitr V, et al. Postprandial responses to Thai foods with and without added monosodium L-glutamate [Chinese Restaurant Syndrome (CRS)]. 1983.
4. Rogers PJ, et al. Umami and appetite: effects of monosodium glutamate on hunger and food intake in human subjects. Physiol Behav. 1990 Dec;48(6):801-4.
5. Carter BE, et al. Supplementing chicken broth with monosodium glutamate reduces hunger and desire to snack but does not affect energy intake in women. Br J Nutr. 2011 Nov;106(9):1441-8.
6. Anderson GH, et al. Acute effects of monosodium glutamate addition to whey protein on appetite, food intake, blood glucose, insulin and gut hormones in healthy young men. Appetite. 2018 Jan 1;120:92-99.

Nick English

Nick English

Nick is a content producer and journalist with over seven years’ experience reporting on four continents. At BarBend his writing more on nutrition and long-form content with a heaping dose of strength training. His underlying belief is in the middle path: you don’t have to count every calorie and complete every workout in order to benefit from a healthy lifestyle and a stronger body. Plus, big traps are cool.

2 thoughts on “Why Are People Annoyed That Chick Fil-A Uses MSG?”

  1. I am sure that some of the people that have problems with MSG had a Chick-Fil-A sandwich and did not have any intestinal problems especially Potato 65. Does the president serve them when he has guest at The White House?

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