Snatch extensions (sometimes known as snatch pulls) and snatch high pulls are accessory pulling exercises for weightlifters. Both variations, although very similar, have distinct training outcomes and intentions that should be fully understood so coaches and athletes alike can program and reap the benefits of implementing both lifts into a structured weight lifting program.
What is a snatch extension/pull?
This is an accessory lift that develops strength, leg drive, and powerful hip extension directly correlating to snatch performance. This lift is often done at higher percentages of a lifter’s snatch, and can be trained using supramaximal snatch loads to further enhance pulling power as it relates to the snatch.
How does the snatch high pull differ?
Much like the snatch extension, the snatch high pull starts off the floor with leg drive. The key difference is that in the snatch high pull, the lifter, after reaching the end of the snatch extension movement, continues to pull with the upper body. Through the additional shrug and elbow bend, the lifter is able to develop a stronger finishing pull with the upper body. The main focus on this exercise is to transition the first and second pulls directly into the shrug and finishing pull of the upper body.
Why do both?
Depending on your limitations in the snatch, choosing the best lift for your ailments will better customize your training approach. For lifters who lack leg drive, snatch extensions may be a great pulling exercise to add after your main lifts so that you learn bar path, firm feet, and minimize premature arm pulling. Conversely, some lifters find that their pulls are their strong suit, often limited by lack of a strong finish before pulling oneself under the bar in the catch. Snatch high pulls would be a viable option for lifters looking to maximize the entire pull and transition the leg drive into a smooth and strong elevation of the traps, elbows, and barbell.
How much weight should you use?
Because these exercises are to develop strength, power, and technique specific to the snatch, it is important to perform them using the same set up, liftoff, and alignment; as if you were going to snatch it. If a load is too heavy, speed falls, technique get shaky, and a lifter may resort to “deadlifting” the weight upwards (see why clean pulls are NOT deadlifts), altering the mechanics and benefits of the lift. To the same point, if a load is too light, force output will fall, and a lifter will be more able to alter their mechanics on the barbell; such as decreasing leg drive due to less than stimulating loads.
Loading for these exercises are based off of a lifters snatch best, and can be trained anywhere from 80-110% of one’s maximum. Remember, as with anything, coaches and athletes should use their best judgement when prescribing loading. Monitoring technique, bar speeds, and athletes responses is the best approach.
When should you perform them in a session?
Strength work like pulls and squats are often performed following the main lifts (snatches, cleans, and jerks), since the neuromuscular demand is less on the body. Novice and intermediate lifters could benefit from doing snatch (and clean) pulling variations at least once per week per main lift (snatch and clean), either as extensions or high pulls.
Here are some examples of each…
Lu Xiaojun with a 180kg snatch high pull.
Routine snatch pulls at 130kg
77kg weightlifter performing two snatch high pulls at 130kg
Snatch high pulls worked into training sessions following snatches and cleans.
Snatch high pulls worked into a snatch complex.
Editors note: This article is an op-ed. The views expressed herein are the authors and don’t necessarily reflect the views of BarBend. Claims, assertions, opinions, and quotes have been sourced exclusively by the author.
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