In this article we will break down the butterfly kipping pull-up, one of the more advanced pull-up variations often seen in competitive fitness and gymnastics. In the below sections we will discuss the muscles worked, provide a butterfly kipping pull-up technique video, and discuss four benefits you can expect to gain when including this bodyweight pull-up exercise into your movement routine.
The butterfly kipping pull-up is a pull-up variation that involves the lifter using momentum (gained via the kipping motion) to move more efficiently (spend less energy) towards a bar. While this movement does minimize the need for upper body strength, it can still target many of the same muscle groups to bring about small increases in muscle size (see below) and muscular endurance. The below list of muscles are the primary groups targeted by performing the butterfly kipping pull-up.
- Latissimus Dorsi
- Scapular Stabilizers
- Glutes, Hip Flexors, and Core
Butterfly Kipping Pull-Up Exercise Demo
In the below video the butterfly kipping pull-up is demonstrated. Note, that the butterfly kipping pull-up differs from the standard kipping pull-up or chest to bar pull-up, and is typically the most complex style of kipping as it requires a greater sense of control, muscle endurance and skill. The butterfly kipping movement can also be applied to the chest to bar kipping pull-up as well for adding efficiency.
4 Benefits of the Butterfly Kipping Pull-Up
Below are four benefits of the butterfly kipping pull-up that coaches and athletes can expect to gain when programming these within a training program.
Kipping Pull-Up Efficiency
When looking to increase pull-up efficiency for a specific sporting purpose, such as a competitive fitness WOD or simply to move yourself from point A to point B, the kipping butterfly pull-up is one of the most efficient ways to cycle more pull-ups as it utilizes momentum and helps to conserve energy as the lifter cycles through the kipping movement. Similar to kipping pull-ups, this movement may not necessarily be the best at building strength and muscle mass (see below), but it can help to increase over volume of this pull-up motion (more repetitions being completed).
Strict, regular pull-ups are the most foundational pull-up variation for not only injury prevention and movement integrity, but also for the overall development strength and muscle mass. That said, some kipping variations, like the butterfly kipping pull-up may help to increase muscle hypertrophy (growth) when paired with strict pull-ups as it does increase the amount of muscle damage and the ability to train a few more repetitions. Over time, the added training volume can help to increase muscle growth as long as the lifter is able to recovery from such. Again, be advised that strict, regular pull-ups are key for adding strength and muscle mass, whereas kipping variations may or may not be necessary for adding strength and muscle mass.
Gymnastic and Competitive Fitness Skill
Pull-ups as a whole are important for the performance in gymnastics and competitive fitness; as it lays a foundation for overall strength, body control, and motor development needed for more advanced bodyweight movements (muscle ups, ringworm, skipping variations). The kipping butterfly pull-ups is an advanced progression of the regular, strict, and kipping pull-up that can be beneficial for athletes looking to increase their overall efficiency (see above) and output for such a movement. By utilizing the butterfly kipping pull-up, you are able to conserve energy and not lose momentum as you cycle between repetitions.
Grip and Muscular Endurance
Higher repetition pull-up training will increase grip and pulling strength, with the butterfly kipping pull-up being a primary movement for doing so. In sports and events like gymnasts, climbing, and competitive fitness, grip strength and endurance is key for optimal performance. While butterfly kipping pull-ups are not exclusively responsible for a strong, healthy grip, it can be a sport specific movement that can have a direct application to workout and competitive situations where grip strength and endurance on a bar is needed.
Here are some of the more popular pull-up exercise guides for competitive fitness!
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