The dumbbell bench press is a bench press variation that can be done to boost overall strength, enhance muscle hypertrophy, and isolate areas of weakness in the bench press. The dumbbell press falls within the horizontal pressing domain, which also includes: barbell bench press, push ups, and angular variations (decline, incline, etc).
Regardless of the variation, bench pressing can be used by coaches and athletes to enhance overall muscular strength and hypertrophy, but also to improve bench press and overall pressing performance.
In this dumbbell bench press exercise guide, we will cover:
- Dumbbell Bench Presses Form and Technique
- Muscles Worked by the Dumbbell Bench Press
- Who Should Do Dumbbell Bench Presses
- Benefits of Dumbbell Bench Presses
- Dumbbell Bench Press Variations and Alternatives
How to Dumbbell Bench Press
1.Set the Back
Start by lying supine on a bench (face up) with a dumbbell tightly grasped in each hand.
With the back and hips engaged, squeeze the dumbbell handle and pull the weights down to the sides of the chest, keeping the shoulders away from the ears and the elbows slightly tucked inwards towards the body.
The elbows should be directly underneath the wrist, as this will help keep the shoulder joint in proper positioning and allow for maximal back tension.
2.Lower the Dumbbells, Then Press
At the bottom of the press, the weights should be slightly outside the torso, with the shoulder blades retracted and depressed (down towards the hips) to help maintain upper back stability.
When ready, press the dumbbells back to the returning position without letting the elbows flare out directly to the sides.
Think about pressing yourself deeper into the bench and/or pushing yourself away from the dumbbells.
Benefits of the Dumbbell Bench Press
Below are five huge reasons why powerlifting, strongman, Olympic weightlifting, and yes, CrossFit athletes should be doing the dumbbell bench press. While the bench press is often seen as a “bro-sesh” kind of movement, it can truly develop the upper body strength and muscle mass needed for most strength, power, and fitness sports.
Increased Muscle Hypertrophy and Strength
Bench pressing in general can create some serious strength and hypertrophy gains. No matter the sport, nearly every lifter could benefit from increases strength and muscle mass. The bench press, as well as the overhead movements are critical for upper body pushing strength development.
Joint Angle Customization (Injury and Training Stimulus)
Unlike the barbell bench press (and other fixed pressing movements), the dumbbell allows a lifter to rotate their arms, position their shoulders, and change the movement patterning slightly to better suit their joint integrity needs. Some lifters may get shoulder/elbow/wrist pain from pressing with a barbell (while others don’t).
Rather than for a lifter to either (a) lift very light so that there is not pain train with regular loading and risk further injury and/or discomfort in pressing movements. Dumbbells can be used to attain all of the above goals, while still allowing for serious loafing on muscles, connective tissues, and joints.
Increased Unilateral Strength and Development
In an earlier article, I discussed in depth the importance of unilateral training, for all segments of the body. By performing dumbbell bench presses, you can reap all normal benefits of bench pressing AND al the unique benefits of unilateral training.
Increasing Range of Motion for Joint Health and Power
Unlike the barbell bench press, the dumbbell bench press allows for increased lengthening of the muscle fibers and even joint capsule while pressing. For some lifters, failure to increase personal records or getting stuck in the bench press could suggest poor end range control and/or lack of overall development of muscle fibers.
By increasing the range of motion and the ability to promote force throughout, you also increase your shoulders and chest muscles injury resilience, which is often lacking in competitive sports (especially during explosive or high volume movements). Additionally, by increasing the amount of force that you can produce at end ranges of movement you can increase maximal strength and power at off the chest in the bench press, often a sticking point for many.
Development of Stabilization Muscles
Due to the dumbbells being independent of one another (unlike the barbell bench press), the body must work to properly stabilize the load unilaterally, meaning that any compensation patterns covered by a lifter being able to shift greater load and control to a stronger/healthier arm is minimized.
The payoff is that the lifter can then strengthen and challenge joint stabilization and train dormant muscle groups to increase control and firing rates, which can then be applied into competitive bench pressing or other fitness exercises.
Muscles Worked – Dumbbell Bench Press
The bench press is an extremely effective movement for increasing upper body strength and muscle mass for aesthetics purposes, competitive advantages, or simply to promote overall muscle growth and development. Below are the key exercises stressed during the dumbbell bench press.
It is important to note that many variations can exist (incline pressing, single arm, pauses, etc) that will alter which muscle group below is specifically targeted, but nonetheless here are the muscles worked:
The pectoral muscles (chest) are the primary muscle groups involved in the force production needed to perform the dumbbell bench press. With dumbbells, some lifters may find that they can go into deeper ranges of motion during the eccentric aspect of the lift, fighting the demands placed upon the chest muscles. Additionally, the unilateral demands of dumbbell bench pressing has also been shown to increase muscle activation of the chest and pressing muscles.
The triceps are involved in the stability of the elbow and responsible for the final extension of the elbow to lock out the bench press. Depending on the angle of the upper body and wrist, lifters can manipulate the movement to increase triceps demands as well (close grip dumbbell bench press).
Who Should Do Dumbbell Bench Presses?
The single arm dumbbell bench press can be highly beneficial for all strength, power, and fitness athlete. The below groups can benefit from learning and performing this movement due to the various reasons listed below.
Strength and Power Athletes
The dumbbell bench press can be integrated into strength and power athlete programs to increase upper body strength and muscle mass of the chest, triceps, and anterior pressing muscles. Below, we will discuss how to integrate the dumbbell bench press in to training programs.
Training for General Fitness, Hypertrophy, and Strength Goals
The dumbbell bench press is a movement that offers fitness goers a wide array of muscle and strength building benefits. In the below sections, we discuss those benefits and go over the dumbbell bench press variations that all can be integrated into your current training program.
How to Program the Dumbbell Bench Press
In the below section we discuss how coaches and athletes can integrate the dumbbell bench press into current training programs.
Main Strength Lifts
The dumbbell bench press can be done as a main strength lift for the day, similar to that of the barbell bench press. Some lifters however, may not have heavy enough dumbbells to train for maximal strength. If this is the case, a barbell is often used to stress maximal strength with dumbbells being used in more strength/hypertrophy training blocks (see below).
The dumbbell bench press can be added into accessory training blocks to increase muscle hypertrophy, reinforce proper pressing mechanics, and enhance muscular development of the upper body. Refer to the below section for sets, reps, and weight recommendations.
Sets, Reps, and Weight Recommendations
Below are three primary training goals and programming recommendations when utilizing the dumbbell bench press into specific programs. Note, that these are general guidelines, and by no means should be used as the only way to program dumbbell bench press.
Strength – Reps and Sets
For strength building sets, athletes can perform lower repetition ranges for more sets.
- 4-6 sets of 4-8 repetitions, resting 2-3 minutes
Hypertrophy – Reps and Sets
Muscle hypertrophy can be accomplished by adding training volume (more reps), time under tension, and/or training towards fatigue.
- 4-6 sets of 8-12 repetitions, resting 1-2 minutes
Muscle Endurance – Reps and Sets
Some lifters may want to train greater muscle endurance (for sport), in which higher repetition ranges and/or shorter rest periods are recommended.
- 2-3 sets of 12+ repetitions, resting 60-90 seconds between (this is highly sport specific)
Dumbbell Bench Press Variations
Below are three (3) dumbbell bench press variations that can be used by coaches and athletes to keep training varied and progressive.
1. Dumbbell Floor Press
The dumbbell floor press is a dumbbell bench press variation that is done by lying on the floor rather than a bench. In doing this, you restrict the overall range of motion in the pressing movement, increasing the demands on the triceps to assist in the lockout position.
In addition, it can help individuals establish a deeper understanding of how to stabilize the upper back during the movement.
2. How to Floor Press
1.Setup Underneath the Barbell
Start by positioning yourself on the floor underneath the barbell (eyes should be underneath). With the legs either straight or bent, be sure to place the feet, hips, and upper back on the floor, similar to that of a bench press.
Note, that this relationship with the floor is essential to the floor press. Often, individuals who struggle with this on a bench may find it easier to develop greater back tension in the floor press in the early learning phases.
2.Grip the Floor, Bring Elbows Downwards
With the body actively gripping the floor, firmly squeeze the barbell and pull the elbows down towards the torso, on a slight angle to ensure that the back muscles and posterior shoulders are being activated.
Be sure to pull the barbell to the base of the chest (just above the sternum) so that the elbows are roughly 45 degrees from the torso.
3.Gently Contact the Floor, Then Press
Once you have gently made contact with the back of the elbows to the floor, remain in tension and reverse the movement so that you go into the concentric pressing phase of the floor press.
Note, that lifters can pause at the bottom of the press (which I prefer) to help increase stability, control, and gain a deeper understanding on how to develop and maintain tension and strength throughout the full lift.
4.Lock Out, Prep for Next Rep
Once you have returned to the top of the movement, repeat for the prescribed repetitions, rest, and repeat.
Make sure to not over protract at the top when completing a rep, as this could throw your positioning and base out of line.
Dumbbell Reciprocating Bench Press
The dumbbell reciprocating bench press is a unilateral dumbbell bench press variation that has the lifter move one dumbbell at a time, alternating between the left and right sides pressing. This can be done to increase complexity of a press, increase rotational resistance, and help to increase the overall functionality of the lift for individuals who may be involved in more contact-based sports/events.
3. Single Arm Dumbbell Bench Press
The single arm dumbbell bench press is done by using only one dumbbell (rather than two dumbbells) during the bench press movement. This variation offers athletes and coaches unilateral stability, strength, and can enhance core and glute activation in the bench press movement.
Dumbbell Bench Press Alternatives
Below are three (3) dumbbell bench press alternatives coaches and athletes can use to increase chest and triceps strength and muscle hypertrophy.
The overhead press is a movement that targets the shoulders, triceps, and upper chest, and can have a significant impact on total body strength. Lifters who are looking to increase bench press strength and upper body mass can build in overhead pressing to diversify their pressing strength and better balance out upper body training programs.
Barbell Bench Press
The barbell bench press can be done to increase sport specific strength (powerlifting) and is often used to increase overall strength and muscle mass. Unlike the dumbbells, the load is not independently managed, making it easier to use heavy loads and attack maximal strength in the pressing movement. Check out this article where we go over the differences between the barbell and dumbbell bench press and determine which one is best for you.
Axle/Fat Bar Bench Press
The axle/fat bar bench press can be done to add variety to the bench press training and to reinforce proper position in the press. I find that the axle bar bench press can enhance wrist stability and help lifters establish better elbow positioning in the bottom position of the press (due to the necessity to actually pull the weight into the body and squeeze the fatter bar).